About the Author

Richard Louv is Co-Founder and Chairman Emeritus of the Children & Nature Network, an organization supporting the international movement to connect children, their families and their communities to the natural world. He is the author of eight books, including "Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder" and "The Nature Principle." In 2008, he was awarded the Audubon Medal.

HIGH TECH HIGH NATURE: How Families Can Use Electronics to Explore the Outdoors

Young citizen naturalists are bound to have a different attitude about technology than many older people do—and for them that could be an advantage.

A few years ago, in longer form, I told this story: Jim, a friend, told me about taking his 4-year-old grandson, Elijah, on a walk through a nature preserve and collect pond samples “to look at under the very cool microscope I got him. It hooks up to my computer and lets us both see the images on screen and record still or movies.” Jim and Elijah also took a digital camera on their walk.

islandwood photo 2

“So I have pix of the outing, pix of him setting up the microscope, and then a video of what he actually saw — paramecium and all — when he looked through the microscope. Earlier he’d told his grandmother that we wouldn’t necessarily retrieve a paramecium in our sample. At age 4!”

The truth is we’ve always used technology to get outside. A fishing rod is technology. So is a backpack. So are binoculars and a compass.

Children and families still use traditional gear. But increasingly, High Tech High Nature families grab newer inventions on their way out the door. For example, they go geo-caching or wildlife photographing with their digital cameras, or collecting pond samples — with camera-loving paramecia.

“It is possible, even likely, that a new generation of techno-naturalists will document their outdoor experiences not with paper and pen but with electronic data, digital images, and video, creating new communities of action andmeaning,” Janis Dickinson has said. She’s the director of Citizen Science at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, which offers the Celebrate Urban Birds project, in Spanish and English.


Participants in the project are encouraged to garden, create nature-related art, and observe neighborhood birds and send the data to scientists at the Cornell Lab.* (Links to similar programs below.)

Dickinson adds, “It is our overriding belief that spending real time in real nature, with its rhythms, sights, smells, and sounds, may be facilitated with technology but cannot be fabricated!”

Tech happens. The trick is to use technology in a way that doesn’t block the senses.

Scientists who study how people perceive the world say that humans have, conservatively, 10 senses, and as many as 30. In a virtual environment, most of those senses never fully develop. Given the fact that high-tech isn’t going anywhere, the most practical approach is to make the most of both the virtual and the real world.

In The Nature Principle, I suggest that today’s children can develop what I call “hybrid minds.” That means maximizing the benefits of electronics (at an appropriate age) while nurturing the full use of the senses through frequent experiences in the natural world.


In a C&NN blog post, David FitzSimmons, a photographer and author of the children’s book Curious Critters, writes that digital photography outdoors is one way to do that: “The two pursuits—one technological, the other natural—fuse together two different intelligences, forming a hybrid way of thinking.”

FitzSimmons, who conducts digital photography workshops at elementary schools, quotes a 5th grader: “[Nature] feels like a gift. It is like a big piece of Earth, and it changes every day. So I could take pictures of something every day, and it would change every day. So it won’t get boring.”

Parents need nature, too. My sons and I used to spend many hours fishing, and we still do, sometimes. Now that they’re grown, I spend more time carrying a camera than a fishing rod.

Ever watch a three-year old on a walk outdoors? Go. Stop. Bend down. Pick up a rock, examine it, put it in a pocket, move on – until a twig is discovered. That’s me on a hike with a camera. The camera helps me slow down and look more intently than I normally would. And later, I can enjoy the experience all over again — as I did a couple weeks ago with that praying mantis lurking up there to your left.

Then there’s the case of the mysterious eye. One evening, as I’ve written before, I was sitting at my computer after a hike, reviewing photos of rock patterns and tree bark. I was startled by something I had not seen when I took the picture. Hidden in the bark was an eye, looking back at me. I’m still not sure what that eye is, or if it’s really an eye, or a pattern in the bark. The puzzle added to the experience. When I asked readers what they saw in the photo, one young boy said the answer was a no-brainer. “It’s a dragon’s eye.”


So how do we make sure that nature’s the point, not the gadget? Here’s a litmus test.

The worth of any nature-oriented getaway gadget can be measured by how long it takes to become unaware of it, how soon we feel free to look away or through the technology, to use our own eyes and ears and all our other senses.

To buffer our families from tech-excess, we also need to take frequent techno-breaks, leaving all electronic gadgets behind when exploring the natural world. Unplugging for a day, a week, or even more gives children and adults a chance to let their senses expand. And some families limit technology to the bare minimum, especially outdoors.

Electronic technology can interrupt our lives, distract us, devalue our ability to feel and be fully human. But used wisely, high tech can open us up to high nature. As Jim and Elijah found, there’s something to be said for being a young techno-naturalist. Or an old one.

Richard Louv is founding chairman of the Children and Nature Network. He is the author of eight books, including “Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder” and “The Nature Principle: Reconnecting With Life in a Virtual World,” from which some of this essay is adapted. 


First photo © Islandwood; second hird photo © R. Louv; fourth photo © M. LeBlanc

More Reading and Resources

The Eye in the Tree

Wild-Snapping: Digital Photography Helps Techno-Savvy Kids Focus on Nature

Five Great Ways to Nurture Your Inner Hunter & Gatherer

Mud is Good! Ten Easy Ways to Connect Your Family to the Joy of Nature

Going on a Techno-Fast: Taking a Break from the Virtual World

* Other citizen naturalist programs also use the Internet to encourage connection to the natural world, including  the Great Backyard Bird Count (with a special Christmas count coming up soon), sponsored by Audubon, Bird Studies Canada, and Cornell. Insects count, too. AntWeb invites citizen naturalists to help document more than a hundred distinct types of ant species in the eleven-county Bay Area.


Comments (6)

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  1. Stephanie says:

    Would love to know the kind of microscope they used! :)

  2. Hi Rich

    Until last July I worked on a weekly basis with children who had varying needs such as Down’s Syndrome, ASD, ADHD, global learning difficulties. etc. I found that although many of these children valued the computers in the classroom, they did enjoy outdoor activities. Generally I find there’s too many positive distractions outside with elementary aged children so that whilst digital technology may be great for recording, capturing and creating memories – it’s not the be all and end all.

    At the point I have to say I was careful about what apps were loaded on the iPad and phone. At one point, one child looked at my range of apps and handed the iPad back to me with a sigh saying “How come you’ve got no games on your iPad?” I responded by showing him the apps that I did have that are helpful for exploring the outdoors.

    Best wishes

  3. Jay Beckwith says:

    On my blog (site above) I wrote a post about “Mapping the Wild”. In it I suggest using an ap to document the wild things around us. I believe this will be a powerful tool and am interested in developing it and am happy to share that with you.

    I also have another project with even more potential to get kids outside. I’d love to chat about that.

    Jay Beckwith

  4. Penny says:

    Fishing rod, backpack, binoc’s and compass are not digital technology. It is digital technology that pulls the user away from experiencing nature and absorbs the user in its own world for its own sake; i.e., one “must” take a photo of the tree bark because there seems to be no other way to remember or describe it (verbal, drawing, painting, sculpture, storytelling). Today philosophers are having huge conversations about technology ripping away the immediate experience of what is beautiful because for most people using digital technology the camera & taking the picture is more important than what is the subject of admiration.

  5. david says:

    I agree completely with penny that technology pulls the learner away from nature. Scientific teaching and technology which is cognitive and rational can prevent children forming an emotional connection with nature

  6. You said it all, Richard! “Electronic technology can interrupt our lives, distract us, devalue our ability to feel and be fully human. But used wisely, high tech can open us up to high nature. As Jim and Elijah found, there’s something to be said for being a young techno-naturalist. Or an old one.” In my eco mystery series for middle grades, I incorporate videos– with QR codes–that flow into the story allowing readers to experience the wonder of the natural world and to then be lured outdoors. Nature lovers do not need to be Luddites.

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